Catabolism refers to the breaking down of things.
In this process, a series of degrading chemical reactions break downs into complex molecules units. Catabolism breaks things to liberate energy.
To release energy, this process divides big things into small parts. Catabolism gives the energy to the body that is required for physical activities.
The energy obtained from the catabolic process can be used from a cellular level to whole body movements. In the catabolic chemical reactions, living cells are broken down into polymers and then constitutes into monomers.
For example, after catabolism Polysaccharides becomes monosaccharides, Nucleic acids are broken down into nucleotides, Proteins are broken down into amino acids and Proteins becomes amino acids.
Catabolism is part of the metabolic process. This process describes the breaking down of nutrients which are totally opposite of anabolism process.
By describing the catabolic state in the human body, people who are enthusiastic towards health have the capability to achieve their goals more easily.
This process occupies everything that logically induces the breaking down of bigger molecules into many smaller blocks. These split parts ultimately accrue in anabolism process, which is a profit muscle tissue growth to a great extent. Indeed, we can say that catabolism is beneficial for the body.
The amalgamation of catabolism and anabolism operate naturally in the body to sustain a vigorous energy level and durable tissue muscles.
Though, before any muscle gains the capability to the advantage of these 2 metabolism processes are simple, and these advantages are being proved by various scientific factors.
Understand Catabolism Process
When we consume food, right from the very first moment, through natural phenomena larger molecules are decomposed into smaller molecules.
It means ideally digestion process began with the catabolism. Now, after breaking down of food particles, into nutrients, an oxidation process occurs, and molecules with a lot of nutrients will liberate energy.
This energy will be the energy that is utilized by the body to do anonymous tasks.
The energy released during catabolism process is found to be very helpful in maintaining proper muscle activities. Chemical building blocks that adenosine is synthesized during the catabolic process.
The adenosine triphosphate molecules give power to the cell to produce more amount of energy during anabolism process.
To cut a long story short, we can say that catabolism is the ultimate process that provides much-needed energy to body cell and tissues. This energy is then utilized by cells for proper growth.
Hormones Involved in Catabolism Process
- Cortisol: Cortisol is known as a stress hormone that is responsible for anxiety. This catabolic hormone increases blood pressure and blood sugar of the body. It can also reduce the immune response of the body. With the involvement of such hormones in the catabolic process, many people are browsing catabolic preventions.
- Glucagon: Glucagon is another hormone that is a part of the catabolic process. This hormone is constituted by alpha cells in the pancreas. It motivates the breaking down of glycogen by the liver that makes sugar levels in the blood to rise. Glycogen is a carbohydrate that accumulates in the liver and is used as a source of energy during physical activities of the body. When the glucagon is released, it encourages the liver to the breakdown glycogen that enters the blood as sugar.
- Adrenalin: Adrenalin is the third important hormone involved in the catabolic process. This hormone is produced by the medulla of the adrenal gland. Adrenalin can be responsible for accelerating the heart beat, as it strengthens the force of the heart contraction, and opens the bronchioles in the lung. Studies state that this hormone can create fight or flight reaction.
- Cytokines: Cytokines is small protein hormone that is responsible for interactions between cells. This catabolic hormone is considered play vital role in communication and behavior of cells.
Role of Catabolism in Body
Along with providing the necessary energy to the body, sometimes catabolism may be responsible for adverse health effects. This problem is noticed in the body when the rate of catabolism is much higher than the rate of anabolism. In such situation muscle tissue and essential fat deposits of the body get depleted, which isn’t good for the body at all. It causes the muscle tissues to break.
In the state of rest, the human body is likely to recuperate and wait in an anabolic state. Well, if the catabolism rate of the body is fast, the body won’t get proper rest for a long span of time, just like stretched long exercise routine, muscle tissues of the body will pertain to break down. The lack of adequate nutritional supply and the tissue growth and repair won’t occur. This makes tissues wreck and hence body weak. The overdose of catabolism may make you feel tedious and unenergetic all day long. Its overdose is not good for the body. To live healthy and problem free life, the body should have balanced catabolism and anabolism rate. Otherwise, we have to face serious consequences. You have to face consequences like:
- Unnecessary breakdown of body tissues
- Reduce functionality of immune system
- Bad impact on digestive organs
- Bad for hormonal growth
In case catabolism, is produces excess energy as compared to the anabolism requires there will be a serious problem in the body. The body will store this excess energy in the form of fat or glycogen. With the proper lifestyle and healthy eating, it is possible to overcome the problem of catabolism easily.
How to Prevent Catabolism
As we discussed earlier that access of catabolism can be harmful to human body, and it is possible to prevent it. If you can prevent its rate, than you can save your body tissues from getting cramped. Proper diet and right workout have the capability to disarm the rate of catabolism of body. It is right time to become aware of ways that can prevent your body from overdose of the catabolism:
Protein: Intake of protein in right quantity can suppress your catabolic rate. In case you just did rigorous workout then your catabolism rate is likely to increase to suppress it immediately take a protein shake. A protein shake can prove to be very beneficial for suppressing catabolism rate of your body. The workout is important for your weight loss, and it isn’t possible for you to avoid it at any cost, and your body is vulnerable to over catabolism also. Protein shakes have a complete amino acid profile that will feed the torn muscle tissues with energy constantly. Go for casein protein just before going off to sleep and see the benefits. For muscle builders particularly, consuming the right amount of protein is a must.
Carbohydrates + proteins: As compared to protein alone, a combination of proteins and carbohydrates can work more effectively in the prevention of catabolism. When you intake drink packed with oodles of proteins and carbohydrates, then you can provide immense soothe to the catabolic rate of your body. In fact to obtain such healthy drink or food you don’t have to do much procure. You can easily find protein and carbohydrates drinks in the market.
Amino Butyric Acid: In case your hormonal growth is effected due to over catabolism of body then, Amino Butyric Acid is an ultimate supplement for you which can normalize catabolic rate of your body greatly. This acid will leverage hormonal growth, and your body will get much-needed sooth from the catabolism. The Amino Butyric Acid is beneficial for health because it have the quality of regularly secreting growth hormones that repair muscles in the body. You can take advantage of this amazing acid to get balanced hormones in the body and prevent the catabolic effect on the body. It will benefit you greatly.
Vitamin C: Many time it happens that catabolic rate is found to be responsible for reducing the functionality of the immune system (well this is probably the hazardous drawback of over catabolism in the body). With the dosage of vitamin D, you can get over from this problem. Vitamin C has that capability that can bring the catabolic rate to the normal point. This vitamin is proved to be beneficial in the maintenance of an anabolic state. Thus, when you consume it, you will get balanced catabolism and anabolism rate in your body. You can directly take vitamin c pills or opt for food and beverages that are a rich source of vitamin C (for example oranges).
Workout: With the help of right exercise, you can prevent your body from becoming a victim of the catabolism. There are many workout routines that can help you to fight with your carbolic rate. Exercises can help muscles to regain the lost strength (due to catabolism). Some workouts will also contribute to making your body anabolic. Thus, catabolism is suppressed by the anabolism.